It is an ancient tradition to relax after the tough day and treat the diseases in the sauna. Saunas came to rescue many people from the epidemics of a plague which killed off the population of Europe. Only those peoples survived who had a tradition to take baths or saunas.
1. Finnish sauna
The Finnish sauna differs from the Russian by drier air. This is achieved through the following: the stones are not placed into the water for heating, which evaporates and create much steam. In the sauna you have to go outside and take water with you and spray the stones to receive the steam.
in Finland , apart from the public saunas, in the mountains, they have the saunas in each apartment block which work Saturdays and Sundays. Every resident may use them. Starting from 80-s, the construction of personal saunas became more popular. Therefore, the ready-made Finnish cabins and stoves are widely popular at the markets.
Most often the cabin is equipped with for 1 or 2 seats in the bathroom. But if you have the possibility to make the apartment replanning, you may have the sauna for about 8 seats and host your friends and relatives.
2. Ready-made sauna cabins for installation
The stores offer a wide choice of ready-made cabins with all equipment or separately the stoves and sprinklers. You may choose the suitable construction. Then you will just have to mantle it all together.
The most practical variant would be when the external sauna finishing touches three main walls of the bathroom. This is possible in the prolonged premises with the area of at least 10 m2. If the bathroom is small, the corner sauna for 2 persons will perfectly fit there. It will occupy approximately the same place as the shower cubicle.
3. Sauna installation
The home sauna consists of the cabin with the wooden finishing. The bench and deck-chair inside the sauna. The equipment is represented by the special stove and sprinkler. Hydro- and heating isolation keeping the warmth inside and preventing the apartment from the steam and moisture inside the sauna.
4. Arrangement of the sauna walls
The cabin consists of two wooden sidings. The internal coating should be performed of the pine wood. The most suitable are the Scandinavian spruces with its golden flower and pattern of multiple knots. And the north pine with its pinky shade and unique pattern of rings, almost with no knots. The wood is solid, light brown with the pink shade and very beautiful pattern.
or the interior finishing the species of wood are suitable which do not release the gum at the high temperature. Besides, they should be resistant to the heat and moisture. In this list the aspen is on top. The most affordable wood, which never corrupts and only becomes more solid and strong under the water influence. It is light beige and creates the feeling of warmth and comfort.
Linden is also suitable for the interior finishing, as it does not contain the gum which may evaporate and threaten the combustion at the high temperatures. Hemlock is more costly with the original pattern of parallel lines in the brown-pink color. African oak abaci keeps the warmth best of all and is more decorative. This material is expensive but its dark spots on the light background and physical characteristics are worth it.
If you decide to arrange the sauna yourself, remember that the boards should be placed horizontally. Do not mix different wood species. If you place them vertically, you should provide for the special gaps and conduct special calculations for the ventilation. You should provide the isolation between the wooden parts of the wall. This is foil, silicate wool and polyethylene film. This order shall be followed from the internal side of the wall.
For ventilation you should follow the sauna parameters. It should be 2.2 meters high. If your ceiling is higher, you may use the space for the mezzanine. The internal part of the boards is fixed with the 1-2 sm. gap from beneath and above. This ensures the natural air flow.
Besides, the stove has its own ventilator for mixing the internal atmosphere and leveling the temperature.
6. Sauna equipment
The stove is a heating element and the space around it is coated with the stones. For the home sauna in the bathroom you should take the ready-made certified stove, which has the temperature regulator and timer. The fire security service will not allow you installing the improvised equipment. Around the heating device provide for the enclosure made of the wooden bands or grating. This will prevent you from the incidental touch.
It is practically impossible to place the wooden or coal stove in the city apartment. For this purpose you need at least the large equipment for the air extraction and much place.
The stove should have the switcher and regulators from outside. All wires should be placed into the pipe which is able to prevent the overheating and moisture. The most suitable variant for the small sauna will be the electrical stove 2-3 kW with the thermostat and timer, which automatically disconnects it after 8 working hours. Maximum temperature should range between 100-130ОС.
7. The internal cabin arrangement
In the small sauna, only the benches are provided. It is possible to make the deck-chairs in the saunas with at least 4 seats located in a line. Apart from the seats, you will need the backs for the body not to touch the wall and for the normal air circulation.
For the purpose of security, the door should have the glass in itself or even be completely transparent and made of the fire-resistant material. From the decorative point of view, such door looks much comfortable and more beautiful.
Within the last years, the Turkish saunas appeared in the apartments. The small premises are coated with the ceramic tiles. Marble would be ideal. The temperature in the sauna is much lower.
The infrared saunas heat not the air but the human body with the help of ceramic radiators. If you like taking the steam-bath at nights after the work, in order to make yourself feel like new or even cure you, you should have the sauna at home. Even in the small bathroom, you may find the place having removed the large bathtub and having placed the shower cubicle. Enjoy your steam-bathing.