Before choosing the house your dream, you must imagine what it should look like and what should be nearby. But again, the house can be located not in the city center, but closer to nature, for example, in the wood.
And maybe you prefer to have a wonderful land plot near the house where you can plant and grow tasty vegetables and fruits because preferences and hobbies differ. That is why try to dream a little bit and to imagine what the house of your dream is like? And to make this task easier, it makes sense to drive to different places and see what houses people have. Or just try to fill your imagination with the pictures of different beautiful houses, for example, as the following:
Sooner or later, you will find it – your soul will prompt to you.
What one should pay attention to when choosing a house
There are several criteria according to which one should choose the house which exactly you need
- A house can be built of different material, for instance, of brick or wood, each kind of material has its advantages and flaws: the brick houses are more solid, that cannot be contested, but the wooden houses preserve warmth longer in winter and coolness in summer, because they breathe though they are less durable.
- Houses can have an absolutely different appearance, as well as a different number of floors and rooms, and rooms can be located even on the roof, also you should decide whether you need a garage and a bath;
- One should also take into consideration the quantity of time required for getting to the bus station, what institutions are around the house (schools, clubs, etc.), in other words what infrastructure is there.
Close your eyes and imagine the appearance of your house
This is a very good way to define for yourself specifically what the house of your dream should look like. To do this, try to close your eyes and imagine the desired house as clearly and in detail as possible as if you really already own it and live there. Try to see how it looks like from the inside, from the outside, how many floors and rooms there are, whether there is a garage and other details. By the way, this method helps not only to imagine your home better but also to materialize and bring this event closer. And if you will run all this over and over in your head through the day with maximum details and even with the feelings that you are inside the house, then the probability that the house will appear on your way increases sharply. Visualization of wishes is a great and effective approach. Do not believe us? Check!
Think through the location and architecture of your future house.
Whether your home will be comfortable and beautiful depends directly on right location and architectural peculiarities. In this regard, it is important to maximally think over such things as light and surrounding of the territory, as well as the characteristics of the acquired land (if you need one), because if you do not select land for building of a house, then the architecture is out of question, as its layout is made only with reference to the level of groundwater and other features.
What is architecture? Architecture is the appearance of a building. The choice of its forms is unlimited nowadays. Of course, a building of square or rectangular form which has been proved by centuries is considered Russian classic. The same can be said about gable roof with minimum apertures in the roof and front and minimal glass space for preserving of warmth. Only you decide what to choose. You can follow the tradition or make an experiment and choose nontraditional architecture, for nowadays there are huge achievements in the field of construction materials: strong walling materials, thermal efficient rather reliable assembly roofing and a lot of variants of window constructions. But one should admit that the traditional variant is thought as the most economical and practical and most important is that this variant is proved by time. But if you do decide to experiment, remember that architectural opportunities depend on the choice of material, in other words, what can be realized in wood, is not always possible to realize, for example, in brick, etc. To summon up, it should be mentioned that the stagnation is movement backward. Therefore, progress is required in everything, including the construction of the house. That’s why, if we take into account the past and present experience of mankind in construction, we can get the right solution for the benefit of reliable, comfortable and beautiful home.
We’d like to note several more moments regarding the location of the house. The orientation should be made according to the cardinal points, because the sun shines on the house and the territory next to it in different times of a day in succession: from the east, south and west. And if you do not take into account this factor, the house runs the risk of not only being dark but also energy-intensive. In our climatic conditions, ideally, it is better not to make any window or door openings from the north, as window-panes cause the greatest loss of heat during the cold season. But on the south side, it is advisable to use the possibilities of double-glazed windows at maximum. Large windows (especially those which reach to the floor) with glass units opening into the terrace or into the garden do not only look beautifully, but they also bring considerable benefit by providing good microclimate in the house. And there is a great modern solution for making winter heat losses as small as possible—glass units with heating or low emission films. And a winter sun, though rather scarce, yet heats the room through the window if the latter is located on the south side.
From what material is better to build a house?
It is important to calculate correctly the water vapor permeability of the house in order to preserve optimum microclimate both in winter and summer. It is always comfortable to stay and easy to breathe in such house. And it is not necessarily should be made of wood. Here the most important thing that you need to follow—is not to use vapor barrier materials in the construction of exterior walls. The resistance to penetration of water vapor from the room to the outside through the walls should be consistently reduced. Simply said, a brick wall with polystyrene insulation does not breathe. And if for example, we use non-flammable basalt wool, water vapor easily and completely freely diffuse to the outside. And if, for example, such material as brick, tile, or front panels are used for facade facing, be sure to provide an air gap between the facing material and the wall of the house in order to provide effective dehumidification. In cold season condensation can appear which can cause damage to the facing in a result of freezing.
Among modern construction materials, solid red clay brick is quite good for the construction of exterior walls.
In general, while choosing a particular material, it is necessary to take into account compliance of the lifetime of the house with your own understanding. One should not cut down expenses on the quality of material otherwise the service life may be reduced. In addition, the wear of the building over time occurs unevenly. Due to the shrinkage and drying and irregular soil sediment the highest intensity of house deterioration is reached in the first year of operation. Sometimes the necessity emerges to repair the house after the shrinkage. But further the deterioration process is slow and intensifies only at the last stage of operation of the building due to loss of strength of constructions and material aging. Generally the service life of the buildings is divided into three categories:
- The first is the longest and lasts over 100 years;
- The second is the medium; a building serves 50 years and more;
- The third is the shortest, 20 and more years.
How to calculate the square of the house
Typically, these calculations are made based on the number of family members, each of which should at least have his own room, plus there must be a common great room (a hall or a living room). If your family consists of four people (standard family consisting of a husband, a wife and two children), you will need: bedroom for two of the area from 15 to 20 square meters, two children’s rooms (if children are of different sex) at least 12 square meters each, one living room of the area from 25 to 30 square meters—it is a minimum. I.e., total area of rooms is about 70 square meters. Special attention should be paid to the kitchen and the living room—the places where we spend the most time. By the way, it would be nice to combine them. Or the kitchen can be combined with the dining room, taking about 20 square meters of total area. A bathroom can be about 5 square meters and the entrance hall can be about 6 square meters. If wished it would be nice to make a terrace of 15–20 square meters, adjacent to the house and overlooking the garden. Plus a porch of about 4 square meters. To be short, we will get the house of about 130 square meters. But this is a minimum, so to say, a compact but, at the same time, rather a good option. Having the desire and funds, of course, everything can be done on a completely different scale.
How many floors should a house have?
Immediately should be mentioned that all above-ground floors also are considered to be floors, including the basement and the attic, if their ceilings are located in the distance, at least, 2 meters above the ground. What is a one-story house? In most cases, they are based on a compact planning scheme, which includes a small number of rooms, as land should be allocated economically, so that large area under a multi-room house would not hamper the organization of the infield. In addition, these houses have a more simple design solution, it is easier to build them and subsequently repair. Rooms located on the same floor have a good connection and are comfortable primarily for the elderly. And one should remember about the advantage of the possibility to build the extension. It can be done quite easily in case of necessity.
Houses with two and more floors provide the opportunity to divide home into the day and night zones, where the second floor, is generally used only in the evening and at night. But on the first floor the essential rooms are located: a living room, a kitchen, a dining room, a bathroom, an entrance hall, a study, a boiler room (if it cannot be placed in the basement). On the second floor such rooms are usually located as: bedrooms, bathrooms and closets. Regarding the garage, we can recommend making it adjacent to the house or even detached, but not built-in.
The attic floor is designed for light dividing walls, that’s why the construction simplifies and redevelopment becomes possible. For example, as the family becomes larger, more rooms may be required. And a house with an attic can easily be made “growing.” Due to the fact that the rooms are hidden under the roof, it seems that this is a small house, though its living area is large enough.
What should be nearby the house?
Two-storeyed houses, where the rooms are located on levels difference or houses with a ground floor are also widespread. Typically, such a technique is used in the construction of the terrain and forms a very original scheme of planning.
What should be nearby the house?
The house is usually being built on a large land plot. That’s why there will be enough space for realization of any of your plans, if you divide the total infield area into separate plots.
If you desire, you can build a cozy gazebo, a playground, to place a wonderful swimming pool, a summer kitchen, the recreation area, a garden and many other things in the infield area. If there are neighbors, it would be nice to have a high permanent wall. You can use concrete, brick or natural stone. By the way, it will look spectacular, if this barrier will be green up with creeping perennials. Ideally, your personal territory near the house should not be very windy, and there also should be places where one could hide from the strong sun.