There are many techniques used for arranging the territory on the homestead land. All of them are aimed to create a habitable and well-kept area, which can be used for rest.
Among the methods of area ennoblement one can distinguish the most popular ones:
- creation of lawns;
- arrangement of gardens and flower gardens;
- construction of fountains, artificial lakes, and other basins;
- planting ornamental plants;
- laying paths;
- designing hedges and much more.
A separate stage in decorating the territory is using stones for decorative and practical purposes.
General aspects of using stones for decorating the territory
Stone can overall form and reorganize the space. Its use in landscape design gives the opportunity to provide not only the seasonal beauty of nature in the form of green trees and flowers but also to create a permanent man-made image of nature within the homestead land. Depending on the chosen project, the stones can be both the basic elements and the background for other design solutions. Taking into account this fact, there are several main ways of forming objects from stone.
Using stone, you can create a kind of the Japanese garden. Here stones appear the central elements and they are the works of art themselves. It is important to emphasize the uniqueness of every stone using this material. Especially for this purpose, the items are selected by shape, color and texture. Contemplation of the arranged homestead land should bring a sense of peace and harmony.
A popular way of using stone in landscape design is arranging the Alpine rock garden. This construction itself is a part of the botanical garden, as it is used for the demonstration of mountain plants. The building technology includes the construction of an artificial slope from broken stone, granite, sandstone, and limestone. The best solution is to lay out the natural stone. Plants on such rock will be perfectly preserved during the year.
Another way of creating the relief on homestead land is the construction of the rockery. The main characteristic is the contrast between large cobblestones and chippings, and light, thin plants that grow among the rough stone. The main elements for the rockery will be the stones. However, the presence of the slope is not necessary. The rockery is only an imitation of the rocky relief and to create the required image one can use any plants and not only mountain ones, as in the case of the rock garden.
Rocky gardens can be separated into a special group. The large homestead land with random stones and plants, imitating mountainous terrain will match such a design. This element of landscape design is widespread and is used as a supplement to the garden and park areas. It is allowed to use sustaining walls, building tiles and paving here.
Any stone structure, suggesting planting, requires care. One has to cut greenery, remove the weeds and dead stems. Such care will provide exactly that look for the area, which was planned by the designer. If fastidious plants with complex care were chosen for the project, it would be better to employ the services of a professional gardener.
Choosing a suitable material
The choice of material to create the stone elements of the garden landscape is great. But recently, the natural stone pushed aside all other options. This can be explained by a variety of solids:
- marble and others.
As well as by many forms of treatment:
- split and others.
The only disadvantage of the natural stone can be a high price of this finishing material. But it also has a lot of advantages:
- a variety of treatment opportunities;
- a variety of solids, colors, and textures.
The listed above solids are followed by limestone in popularity. For such demand, this solid is indebted to palette variety. The sphere of use of this stone is very wide and covers both the exterior work together with the improvement of the territory, and the interior finish of the building.
The flagstone will help to save money a little. Its unpolished variant will be cheaper than the polished one. If this variant also seems expensive, one may choose an artificial stone. The advantage of this material is its wealth of colors that goes beyond natural shades. But its reliability is pale in comparison with natural stone.
The pebble has interesting decorative features. The original border of small stones around a tree or a flowerbed will beautify any garden. The pebble can be simply spread over the lawn. This method will add charm to the area.
The pebble can be used to finish the paths and small areas. If to cover the area around the pool with the pebble, then stepping on it with your bare feet, you can feel yourself on the beach. Sometimes the stone is replaced by a wooden disk, but this option cannot serve for a long time. Thus, before choosing a coating material, you should judge how often the surface for covering will be used.
For decorating the objects of landscape design one may use:
- layer quartz;
- textured slate.
When choosing a stone you should consider:
- Kind of stone must correspond to that element of the decor, which will be created from it. The dolomite sedimentary rock of quiet colors will be good for sustaining walls and terraces. The rockery can be decorated with the materials, predominating in the general design, with adding contrasting speckles from other materials. Alpine rock garden looks harmoniously if constructed from large boulders of volcanic origin. The basins would better be laid out with pebble and smooth large stones.
- When choosing the material one should take into account the climatic conditions, in which it will be used. For example, basins are frozen in the cold season, and not every stone will bear such temperature changes. To avoid destruction, one must select the stone with the minimal level of moisture absorption.
Another finding in the arrangement of homestead land is the luminescent stone. The range of use of such uncommon material is wide. Every object of landscape design can be decorated with an element like this. The paths, marked with luminescent stones will cause the visitors` admiration. And the pool floor, paved with such magical lights, will add romance to the night garden.
This material is very durable and hardwearing. Many companies offer a variety of shapes and sizes. You can make the luminescent lining material yourself, using a special paint.
To receive a perfect result in the process of area arrangement two main factors are required: a good project and high-quality materials. With proper use of these two components, the garden plot will be the favorite place of rest for the whole family.