The landscape design of a homestead land or a private courtyard—it is not just the ability to transform the area around the house, it is the art of creating beauty and harmony of your “I” with the surrounding nature. Only at first glance, everything is simple—one planted a few fruit-bearing trees in the area, a couple of bushes near the entrance, planted the flower bed and covered with a lawn the rest of the space. But what if such a scenario does not meet your requirements of the aesthetic side of the issue? If you saw a well-kept garden plot or a small backyard in your dreams, where you can relax in a hammock in the open air or dine with your family in a cozy alcove, and maybe read a book near a small pond?
How to arrange the territory near a cottage or a private mansion so as it was pleasant for the owners to look at the fruits of their labors, and they had something to surprise their guests with? We hope that our selection of interesting projects of landscape design, created for plots of all sizes and shapes, geographic locations, and practical purposes, will help you to get inspired by “garden” feats on your own plot.
Planning design of the territory near the house
After a dusty and noisy city, it is so nice to plunge into the oasis of greenery and freshness, which is located in your own backyard of a private household or to go on the weekend to the country and plunge into the world of incredible closeness to nature. But in any case, you will need to work hard to create not only green, blooming space but also a practical place for rest with the whole family and among friends-acquaintances.
Before planning the landscape design of your territory, you will have to work on paper or in a special planner program:
- mark the exact sizes and shape of the plot;
- mark on the plan the already existing buildings (house, garage, etc.);
- mark the constructions that you would like to build (place on the plan absolutely everything—from the doghouse to the alcove), even if it seems that the construction is small and you can always find a place for it, it is better to take everything into account, the space is never enough, no matter how large it is;
- divide the entire area into segments—squares, each of them will house a particular design element (so it will be easier for you to evenly distribute all the landscape elements, especially if the plot is large);
- mark all the perennial plants that are already growing in the area and plan planting new ones (remember about the distance between the trees and in regard to buildings and structures);
- mark the location of engineering systems (irrigation and water supply of ponds, fountains in the garden and cascades, illumination) on the plan, possibly, already at this stage you will need the specialist advice.
Next, you need to make “on-the-ground reconnaissance”—to find out the features of the soil and underground water leakages (if any), reveal the places of water stagnation and to make drainage if necessary. It is also necessary to determine the level of the plot undulation and find out whether you want to even the ground or leave the pristine landscape of the private territory.
Choosing a color palette for landscape design
Skillfully selected color array of the landscape design is able to transform and make unique even the simplest and the most low-budget project. But for such a harmonious look of your garden or household plot, it is necessary to take into account the color range of items that conventionally can be divided into the following groups:
Elements of the natural landscape. These are shrubs, trees and other plants, hills and rocks, ponds and paths that were created by nature itself. Everything you decide to leave for the greater naturalness of your landscape design will affect the color palette of the territory. It is important to bear in mind that natural shades will vary according to a season and climate patterns of the territory of your location.
Architecture objects. First of all, these are the main building of the house and annexes to it—a garage, porch, terrace, baths, greenhouse. As well as bridges, alcoves, sheds and other structures. The building facade and the elements of all buildings should be in a harmonious color combination. This does not mean that you need to paint all the buildings in a single color. Perhaps some construction on your plot is destined to become the accentual spot, to stand out against the general background and take the role of the focal point. But most often it is a house that becomes the focal center around which the whole concept of designing the adjacent territory is built.
Objects of social and decorative landscaping. This group includes all plants, ponds, rock gardens and flower beds that have been created by the hands of a designer or plot owners. In this case, the possibilities of manipulation with shades and semitones are endless, with the help of blooming plants one can create a unique colorful “carpet” from the plants, which he will change during the entire warm season (usually from April to October in our country). Finally, you can use the whole alleys of evergreens to provide the stable color predominance on your household plot or backyard area.
Other elements of the plot design. These include the garden paths and playgrounds, decks and walkways, sculptures, hammocks and swings. All these elements leave their mark in the overall scheme of the territory near your cottage or private house. In issues of creating a certain mood of landscape design, this is the color palette that plays a key role. With the help of color combinations one can mask the deficiencies of the territory, visually enlarge the space and give it a certain shape without resorting to drastic actions.
Recreation area with a barbecue or a fireplace
BBQ equipment can be installed under a canopy on a wooden platform. But for a barbecue or a Russian stove, a separate section, preferably on the platform, paved with stone or clinker brick is necessary. For the convenient process of cooking on the fire next to the barbecue, it is better to place a couple of chairs and a small table. The choice of material for garden furniture is great nowadays —plastic, wood, rattan, metal and combinations thereof. Furniture of plastic is the cheapest. But it is also practical. Wicker products of natural rattan look very respectable and even festive, but their price is high. Base on your financial capabilities and the planned frequency of using furniture for outdoor gatherings.
Even in a small yard one can compactly, but safely place the necessary attributes for cooking over a fire. It would be most logically to place here also a small lunch group so as to eat alfresco, tasting meals just off the stove.
If we talk about the open hearth, then, as a rule, it is made of the round shape. The logical design of the recreation area near it again becomes the circle. A harmonious and compact form of recreation zone not only serves for its usual purposes but also is able to decorate any garden plot or private courtyard.
A through structure of the garden kitchen under a canopy and outdoor fireplace joined to it requires a lot of efforts and financial investments. But the cost of such a project is amortized quickly enough, taking into account how often everyone will want to prepare and consume food in the open air.
Alfresco dining room
It is better to set a table and chairs for dining alfresco onto the platform, cobbled with stone or any other slabs. So you will be able to provide sufficient stability for the furniture and will not allow the metal garden furniture, for example, to be gone deep into the ground.
If you choose the table with a hole for mounting an umbrella (such models are wide-spread enough among the garden furniture), you can provide your family with the opportunity to eat outdoors in a hot sunny day.
Also, if needed, the umbrella for protection from the sun can be set near the outdoor dining table. But remember about weighing materials for construction stability while the wind is blowing.
The canopy with a frame, made of wood, and with creepers, performing the role of the tent looks incredibly beautiful. Any food at such a table will be more delicious because of the romantic and pleasant atmosphere, created by man together with nature.
Garden paths and lawns
Some people like clear geometry in the arrangement of paths, for others it is more pleasant to see and walk the serpentine stone paths that encircle various objects of the landscape design of the plot. Paths can be paved with different materials—pavestone, stone, clinker or ordinary brick, torpedo gravel and decorative gravel. The paths from composite material look beautiful and practical. For example, you arrange large stone slabs along the line of the garden path, and the space around it you can fill with fine gravel.
Another method of manufacturing the original, but incredibly functional paths is to fill the space around the concrete slabs with a small pebble. Against the background of green, perfectly sheared lawn, such paths look glorious creating an orderly and harmonious environment on the curtilage.
Currently, you can easily buy a ready lawn for your plot; it will be brought in the rolls and spread on your premises with individual adjustment to the curves of its form. But it is possible to act “as in good old days” and to sow the refined place as the lawn, and wait for germination, and cut it, depending on your preferences. But in this case it is important to say at once that no one can achieve the ideal density of seedlings from the first time, it is necessary to sow extra grass in bald patches and control new growth. In any case, you will need to water the lawn in time (premeditate the irrigation system) and regularly cut it (mowers can be taken in rent, but buying a garden unit is more reasonable and profitable).
When between the lawn and extensive plantings in the flower beds one cannot see any borders, it creates the incredibly natural and harmonious atmosphere in the yard or on the plot. In the festive green dress your yard will please the eye and give the owners a chance to rest from the concrete and glass buildings of the city.
Artificial ponds as an element of landscape design
No one eastern landscape design is complete without the use of natural or artificial basin and Asians are experts in creating a peaceful and balanced atmosphere.
What could be better than to be able on a hot summer day to dip into the cool water of the pool, located on the homestead area? Of course, for the organization of the pool on your plot you will need to involve the experts and even heavy construction equipment. But all the costs (time, efforts, energy, and money) will be repaid with the incredible opportunity of obtaining your own mini-pond on the garden plot or in the yard of a private house.
A place to relax in the area with the soft zone
Speaking of the soft furniture for outdoor use, it is more practical to use rattan or any other wicker furniture with removable soft seats and backrests. Usually, the textile of upholstery of such cushions is easy to clean with a wet sponge or the covers are removable and washable in the washing machine.
How to arrange a small plot or a tiny backyard
No matter how you have allocated segments of outdoor recreation important for you, but you won`t make your territory without fencing. To brighten up the look of the tame fence, put near it the vining plants or low trees, which will create a natural atmosphere. In such circumstances, it will be possible at least for some time to forget about the noisy city outside your backyard.
And what to do if your backyard is just a piece of land that you have refit as the wood flooring? Or if you do not even have a backyard there, but there is free space on the roof. In every situation, there is a solution. The next few images of design projects of arranging such mini-segments for outdoor recreation prove that.