In each house interior plays an important role, which is not only limited to the décor and achievement of the ideal from esthetic point of view, indexes, but is the way of achievement of comfort, harmony, and practicability. Therefore, facing the issues of choosing the interior solutions, we think of all possible variants: high-tech, rococo, fusion, minimalism, avant-garde, pop-art, etc. striving to find that golden mean which will help to enjoy the comfort of your home and peacefulness. This golden mean for many people today becomes the Chinese style in the interior which is based on the principles of simplicity, energy and nature.
History of development
But furniture arts of England was influenced most by the Chinese style (middle XVIII century), it found its admirer, who turned out to be the English furniture maker Thomas Chippendale.
This is in his works that the combination of traditional techniques and Chinese decorative gratings, bars could be observed. China became the founder of the lacquer technique, while European furniture was made according to the Chinese templates.
But the Chinese style which became so famous during the Rococo epoch suffered the oblivion quite soon. And already today, throughout the world the Chinese culture, the artistic tradition became a focus of attention, as China is the conservative state, which elaborated its established traditions, canons for many centuries, which remain unchanging, integral till this day. This is the worldview of Chinese people which was reflected in the bronze casting, ceramics, porcelain and carpets, arts, fine silk and constantly attracted the attention of European people.
Chinese style: differential features
Having thoroughly studied the peculiarities of the Chinese interiors, you understand that they differ essentially from the traditions of other Oriental peoples. The reason is searching for a philosophical origin in everything around and the tranquil lifestyle of the Chinese people.
The Chinese interior is characterized by the absence of sharp corners, too bulky furniture, but its high diversity.
The key material of interior items production is flexible but strong bamboo. Creating the furniture, the craftsmen use the sophisticated multi-layer technique of lacquer finishing as a decorating element, and carving on the black lacquer till this day is considered the best decorating technique.
The front furniture in the Chinese interior fitted well the everyday items – wardrobes, complemented by the elegantly decorated lacquered tables which served as a support for the luxurious vases and decorations.
The use of intarsia technique which is also familiar to the European people is one more differential feature of the Chinese furniture. The technique is virtually the cut-in decoration, made of the thin plywood of different shades, for the surfaces of cupboards and tables. But it differs from the European (is arranged on the same level as the surface) by location – with Chinese people it overhangs the surface level. Basic interior elements – tables, chairs, deck-chairs were made of the natural materials (preferably, the bamboo) and were rectangular in shape.
The deck-chairs, chairs and tables were the basic interior elements with regard to the furniture. All items were produced with the use of bamboo and were, usually, rectangular. One more differential peculiarity of the Chinese interior, which survived to this day, is the absence of curtains and blinds on the windows.
The Chinese interior this is always harmony, exoticism, laconism, everything which helps to create the relaxing, comfortable atmosphere.
Yellow is a color of an emperor, national color, green is the color of tranquility and blue is the indication of nobility and is very carefully, subtly implemented in the interior by the distinguished personalities. Surely, the choice of this or that color depends upon the owners’ preferences, their tastes and views.
The arrangement of floors in the Chinese interior is limited to the application of large stone tiles or massive boards of either light, or dark, intense color of the subtle red shade. An ideal variant is the bamboo parquet, you may use the matting-type wall-to-wall carpeting or laminate as an option.
In the case of using the ceramic granite or tile, the color solution is selected according to the same principle as the wood –subtle light/dark colors, an absence of garish patterns.
The Chinese interior, as a rule, presupposes the painting or plasterwork of the walls, but there is also some place for the paper wallpapers in the kitchen or for the wallpapers in the family room – they were invented in China. The use of wall painting is also acceptable: dwarf trees, blooming plants, birds, mountains, etc. each painting beards the sensual loading, therefore, they should be chosen very carefully.
In the walls finishing (as a rule this is one wall) very appropriate is the use of the dark species, less frequently – light. It would be considered appropriate to use the dark patterns of the wood which create the feeling of contrast due to the light wall. You may choose the patterns matching the floor or ceiling décor.
An important factor in creating the Chinese interior is the use of exclusively natural finishing materials.
Ceilings, as a rule, are light and have the multilayer construction, which allows creating the illusion of volume and with the help of illumination imitate the color of sun or sky.
Besides, different wooden decorative elements contrasting with the basic tone are frequently used. The rectangular shape decorated by illumination is frequently outlined on the ceiling.
Furniture is also an important component of the Chinese interior, it is convenient and practical, made of wood with the application of very diverse techniques. Along with the everyday furniture the furniture decorated with the help of carving, encrustations and lacquer of predominantly black and red colors is actively used. Bulky furniture with the pronounced acute angles is not an option for the Chinese interior, where the acute angles and rectangular forms are commonly avoided. For these purposes use the tablecloths and cushions, closing the angles.
Light low sofas, the bamboo chairs, lacquered round chairs and tables for the tea ceremony are the key options for the furniture in Chinese interior.
The décor of cupboards is conducted through application of the sophisticated multilayer lacquer work, carving on the black lacquer, intarsia. For the purpose of zoning the stationary and mobile partitions, screens are frequently used.
The cupboards are decorated using the sophisticated multilayer lacquer work. For the décor the carving on the black lacquer is used (cut-in decoration) and incrustation with the pearls, tortoise shell or valuable wood species. The painted screens and partitions may be used as zoning.
The arrangement of Chinese interior shall be conducted in strict adherence to the feng shui, thus, the placement of similar interior elements is by pairs, in certain composition, for instance, the table where similar lacquered stools are located on either side.
The Chinese are one of the exclusions among the Oriental people – as traditionally they eat sitting on the chairs and sleep on the beds.
You may achieve the ideal result in creating the Chinese interior not only with the help of furniture produced in China, the European factories produce good analogs which may be complemented by the accessories and details and achieve the set goals.
The porcelain items, as well as items made of wood and bronze, chrysanthemums, orchids and peonies, flashlights, smoking sticks, perfect Chinese fine arts, atlas embroidered cushions, fanciful supports, fans, vases with hieroglyphs, dwarf trees, bamboo, candles, Chinese umbrellas – all these accessories will become the constant companions of the Chinese style.
With their help you may create special moods and atmosphere in the interior, demonstrate your taste and uncover your inner world.
The valuable complement of the interior will be the mirrors located exclusively following the feng shui principles.
The house arranged in compliance with the Chinese interior traditions is personified in the prototype of Sky – it is arranged in unity with the garden area, with this ensuring the unification of the inner and outer world.
In the Chinese interior special attention is given to the arrangement of windows and doors and their location. Quite frequently they may look even freaky by shape.
Whom will the Chinese interior suit to?
The Chinese interior is first of all the choice of tranquil people, traditional, and extraordinary personalities. It will be an ideal variant for the admirers of uncommon solutions, laconism, bright colors, philosophy lovers in all its manifestations, including in the home space arrangement.
If you are a person of sophisticated taste, admirer of rare accessories and luxurious items – you should opt for the Chinese style!